Consuming food is essential for the body which provides all the nutrients such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, and vitamins to the body. It provides energy for daily activities and substances for all the body functions such as breathing, digestion, growth and other body functions.
In some people, despite having meals for several hours, they still feel hungry. For example, you just had a meal but after a few minutes you still feel hungry and think about what you should eat next.
If you are feeling hungry continuously, there are different reasons which may lead to this situation. Usually, this constant hunger is nothing to worry about.
- Dietary habits
- Lack of protein
People follow different diets and go for different tasty foods. Eating food which lacks a required amount of proteins which has the property of hunger reduction that helps in controlling hunger or makes the body consume fewer calories by producing hormones that signal fullness and also reduces the level of hormones that stimulate hunger.
- Lack of fiber
Not eating enough fibres also leads to constant hunger. High fibre foods help in keeping hunger levels under control by slowing your stomach’s empty rate and take longer time for digestion. There are different fibres and in them there are better fibres which can help you in preventing from having constant hunger. High fibre diet is also beneficial for health, such as reducing the risk of heart disease, diabetes and obesity.
- Excessive carbs
Eating refined carbohydrates which can easily be digested because it lacks fiber. Consuming too many carbohydrates can be bad for your health.
- High-salt diets
Eating lots of salty foods may affect hunger levels. High salt consumption makes that person hungrier and causes them to eat more. A Study on people who eat high-salted meals showed they eat more food compared to those who eat low-salt meals.
- Too much sugar diet
Eating too much sugar, particularly fructose, can lead to an increase in hunger. If you eat food which contains more fructose, it will cause the body to produce more ghrelin and affect particular regions of the brain which make a person feel less full and lead to feeling hungrier.
- Diet is according to calories, not nutrients
You planned your diet according to the calories needed not based on required nutrients. But calories alone don’t make you feel full. Eating Nutrients like fiber, protein and healthy fats satiate your hunger. If you consume simple and fast calories which don’t contain the required nutrients, then eating a lot of them still makes you feel hungry.
- Due to mental condition
Sometimes mental conditions like stress, anxiety or depression affect your hunger level. Being more stressed or anxious makes you feel more hungry. It is mainly because the body releases an assorted hormone called cortisol, which amplifies your feeling of hunger. Usually people with stress carve for food with high sugar and fat and this may affect your brain’s particular region which causes you to feel full. This leads to constant hunger.
Mood disorder can also lead to constant hunger. Some People with depression or anxiety use eating as a coping mechanism to relieve it.
- Due to eating habits
Eating habits like how you eat, when you eat, how much you eat will also affect your appetite.
- Skipping meals
Skipping meals make you feel more hungry, particularly if you skip breakfast which is essential for all day activities.
- Too fast eating
The rate at which you are eating is essentially considered because it will affect your appetite. Several studies also proved that fast eaters will have more appetite and have a tendency to overeat compared to two slow eaters. Such people are most likely to have obesity or access weight.
- Eating while distracted
Due to a busy lifestyle, you may often eat while doing or thinking something which is mainly due to saving up time. But distracted eating can affect your health and leads to greater appetite.
- Bodily conditions
Physical conditions like obesity or other reasons may lead to constant hunger. People with obesity always feel hunger and carve for more food. Some people have bodies with fast metabolism rates which need continuous eating. Fast metabolism burns more calories at a faster pace, and thus your body needs to replenish its energy continuously and leads to a need for constant food supply.
Particularly in females, in their menopause hormonal changes occur, and at that point they feel hungrier because of the body demanding more calories to keep up with such changes so they feel constant hunger. And also during pregnancy, females have an enormous appetite because they need more nutrients for the new baby to grow.
- Lack of sleep
Sleep is essential for good health and help in having active performance the next day. Adequate sleep is extremely important for the proper functioning of the brain and immune system and also prevents several chronic illnesses like heart diseases and cancer. The sleeping factor will also affect appetite control. Sleeping is essential for regulating ghrelin, which is an appetite-stimulating hormone.
If a person lacks sleep, then it may lead to an increase in the level of that appetite-stimulating hormone which leads to constant hunger. As per a study, people who are deprived of sleep eat 14% large portions of food compared to those who have slept properly. Due to sleep deprivation their appetite increases and they crave for high fat and high calorie food and also show symptoms like mood changes, weight gain, clumsiness, etc.
- Daily activities
The things you do also affect how much you need to eat. Body needs more energy when you do stressful jobs that are endless if you lead a comfortable life. People particularly who do exercises more frequently burn more calories and if they do regular high-intensity exercise or engage in physical activities for longer periods will also lead to an increase in appetite. Even though some studies proved that exercise can control appetite, some research showed that vigorous exercise at a high intensity for longer periods can lead to an increase in appetite. It can easily be solved by going for simple exercises rather than intense workouts or decreasing the time for your high-intensity activities and eating according to their workouts and consuming more fibre, protein and healthy fat foods help in solving this problem.
- Alcoholic habits
Alcoholic habits like drinking more alcoholic beverages will affect your appetite. Usually drinking too much is not good for health and along with that alcohol stimulates nerve cells in the brain’s hypothalamus which handles sensation of hunger. The brain switches to starvation mode because consumption of alcohol thus causes I’m have constant hunger. According to recent research, people who consume alcohol before their meals ICS institute food aromas and will increase in their appetite. Drinking alcohol moderately helps in reducing such hunger and uses the effect of alcohol on the body.
- Certain medication
People use medicines for different health issues. And certain medications show an increase in appetite as a side effect, particularly some diabetic medications such as insulin, thiazolidinedione which are known for an increase in appetite. Antihistamines which are used for treating allergies, antipsychotic drugs and antidepressants called SSRIs, steroids also affect your hunger. If you feel like changing your appetite after starting some medication, then consult your doctor for a change in medication.
- Lack of water
Being hydrated is essential for overall body health and there are many benefits of drinking enough water like it promotes brain and heart health, optimises exercise performance and promotes skin and digestive system health. In some cases, people get confused between thirst and hunger. It can be because sometimes the body processes the feelings of thirst in the same way as hunger. Some signs like craving for salty foods show that your body is dehydrated. Salt stimulates thirst and helps your body hold on to water. If you are not having enough water and feel sick, then it means your body is dehydrated and needs more water.
- Due to certain diseases
Certain diseases also stimulate your hunger such as diabetes, thyroid problems, and low blood sugar. People with diabetes feel more hungry and eat more food because of irregular sugar levels. Overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism can also cause increased hunger. Obesity is one of its causes that make people eat more and make them figure constant hunger. Leptin is a help problem that can also be effective because it tells the brain that the stomach is full. There are some diseases that show the symptoms of having more hunger and also increase appetite.
Feeling excessive hunger means the body wants more food. There are many reasons which stimulate your hunger mainly due to imbalanced hormones that are caused by different reasons mentioned like improper diet, daily activities, illness, etc. you don’t need to worry about feeling hungry 24/7 because it’s not life threatening and it can be solved.