Diabetes mellitus or type 2 diabetes is an illness known to everyone the world over and falls under the category of lifestyle diseases. Everyone has someone in the family who is diabetic and facing the consequences of this disease either directly or indirectly. The earlier this disease is identified from its tell-tale symptoms and treated, the better. In this article, we will cover type 2 diabetes in detail and throw light on natural remedies that can help manage this disease.
What Is Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong illness where our body shows insulin resistance and inhibits the body to use insulin as it should. Blood sugar or glucose is the prime fuel for our cells, and insulin hormone generated by our pancreas allows glucose in our blood to enter these cells. Type 2 diabetes decreases the body’s capacity to produce enough insulin and further leads to the accumulation of glucose in your blood. The high level of blood glucose will lead to further health complications such as damage to the eyes, heart, liver, kidneys, and nerves.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and is known to affect middle-aged or older people. However, kids or teens are also not exempt from this chronic disease. It is an ongoing and progressive illness, and there is no cure for this disease. Nevertheless, there exist many remedies to prevent and treat Type 2 diabetes. Most diabetic patients use drugs or medication to treat this illness. Apart from that, many natural and drug-free practices also aid in the rise of insulin sensitivity in our body to manage and treat Type 2 diabetes symptoms.
Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes
A few of the primary risk factors causing this illness are genes, age, and ethnicity. Other risk factors are related to your medical history or health in general that makes you more likely to get this chronic illness. Some of these include:
- Being overweight – Obesity causes insulin resistance in our body. Being overweight is also a critical factor that contributes to Type 2 diabetes in kids or teens.
- Prediabetes- This a condition before the diagnosis of diabetes where the person has high sugar levels but not enough to be determined as diabetes.
- Hypertension and high triglycerides- People with high blood pressure are prone to develop diabetes. So does having high triglycerides, which is a type of fat in the blood, the level of which indicates insulin resistance and the body’s incapacity to turn glucose into energy.
- Sedentary lifestyle- Doing little to no exercise and leading a physically inactive lifestyle contributes majorly to type 2 diabetes.
- Smoking, stress, and depression- Smoking gives you diabetes and kills you very slowly. Similarly, stress and depression certainly increase the risk of diabetes.
- Gestational pregnancy- This type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy and may resolve after giving birth. However, this might increase your chance of getting diabetes in the future.
Symptoms of Diabetes
The elevation of glucose in the blood determines the various symptoms or signs of diabetes. Some diabetic patients may not even experience these signs or symptoms until it is too late. Therefore, it is critical to do regular check-ups to stabilize the blood sugar level and control diabetes. Recognizing the potential symptoms ahead of time will result in an early diagnosis that can help prevent this dreadful disease. Some of the symptoms of diabetes include:
- Frequent urination and thirst
- Fatigue and blurred vision
- Unnatural weight loss
- Slow healing and periodic infections
- Loss of sensation/tingling of hands and feet
- Bad gum health
- Vaginal infections
- Hunger shoot ups
Natural Remedies That Mitigate Diabetic Symptoms
There are several natural, herbal or plant-based remedies that aid in diabetes control. Using food as a medicine naturally metabolizes insulin and is a beneficial way to adjunct your treatment of diabetes. Some of these remedies fall under complementary supplements and are consumed along with standard medicines or treatments. While on the contrary, some of them fall under the category of alternative supplements, which means that these medicines or treatments are used instead of conventional medications. The following list includes some popular natural remedies or medicines that lower your blood sugar level and mitigate diabetic symptoms:
- Regular exercise– The pivotal role of regular exercise in lowering sugar levels in the blood cannot be emphasized enough. It helps to increase insulin sensitivity and thus aids in the better management of diabetes.
- Consuming plant-based food– A plant-based diet can do wonders to lower your blood sugar levels. Some popular herbs and plant foods include fenugreek, cinnamon, okra, leafy veggies, berberine, Gymnema, ginseng, etc., that are known to be effective in diabetes control.
- Limit your carb intake– A low carb diet effectively curbs a surge in high sugar levels and prevents sugar spikes.
- Increase your water intake- Stay hydrated to maintain a healthy sugar level in your body. Moreover, drinking lots of water flushes out excess glucose when you pee.
- Eat food with fiber– Fiber consumption slows the digestion of carbs and absorption of sugar. Thus, a high-fiber diet would improve the body’s capacity to stabilize blood sugar levels.
- Portion-control and weight-management– Limiting your serving size has a considerable impact on your calorie intake and thus aid in weight management. It consequently promotes proper diabetes control and even reduces the risk of diabetes in the first place.
- Consume low glycemic index food– The glycemic index indicates the measurement of our carb intake and how that affects the blood sugar levels. Therefore, eating food that is low on the glycemic index would ensure proper management of blood sugar levels.
- Lower your stress levels – Stress induces high blood sugar levels in your body. Glucagon and cortisol are produced when you are stressed, and these significantly spike up the sugar levels in your blood.
- Making sleep a priority – Sleep deprivation increases cortisol levels and badly affects insulin sensitivity.
- Use apple cider vinegar – The acetic acid in apple cider vinegar has many health benefits. It can reduce your fasting sugar levels considerably and improves insulin sensitivity significantly.
- Natural dietary supplements – Eating foods rich in chromium, zinc, and magnesium would compensate for micronutrient deficiencies that cause diabetes. Such foods or dietary supplements would also promote fat and carb metabolism; and help regulate blood glucose levels.
- Regular blood glucose monitoring– Keeping track of your blood sugar level can aid in proper diabetes control. It will also help you determine what food to avoid and whether you need to make dietary changes or substitute any medications or treatments.
The fundamental causes of the development of diabetes vary by its type. However, regardless of what type you have, high levels of glucose in your blood will further lead to life-threatening illnesses. Therefore, the statement ‘prevention is better than cure’ is aptly justified in this scenario. The above-mentioned natural remedies are advised to prevent and mitigate type 2 diabetes by doctors and medical practitioners across the world. However, self-treatment without proper guidance from a medical practitioner could do more harm than good. Discuss with your doctor in detail about your illness for them to get a clear picture. And rest assured, for natural remedies they approve of almost always comes with no side-effects and you can consider yourself on the right track of managing your type 2 diabetes.